In this Photoshop tutorial, we'll learn how to display a single photo as a cluster of shapes, similar to larger "wall cluster" displays where several photos, usually in different frame shapes and sizes, are arranged together on a wall to form a larger design. In this case, we'll use Photoshop to create something similar but on a smaller scale using just a single image.
Here's what the final result will look like:
The final result.
Let's get started!
Step 1: Create A New Document
Let's begin by creating a new Photoshop document. Go up to the File menu in the Menu Bar along the top of the screen and chooseNew:
Go to File > New.
This opens Photoshop's New Document dialog box. A square-shaped document works best for this effect, so I'll set both the Widthand Height of my document to 1000 pixels, and since I'm not planning on printing this, I'll leave the Resolution value set to 72 pixels/inch. The dimensions and resolution you need may be different, especially if you're creating this for print. Set theBackground Contents to White, then click OK to close out of the dialog box. A new document, filled with white, will appear on your screen:
Set the Width and Height to 1000 pixels, the Resolution to 72 pixels/inch, and the Background Contents to White.
Step 2: Change The Grid Size In Photoshop's Preferences
We're going to use Photoshop's grid to help us create our shape design, but first, we need to make a change to the size of the grid, and we do that in the Preferences. On a PC, go up to the Edit menu at the top of the screen, choose Preferences, then chooseGuides, Grid, & Slices. On a
, go up to the Photoshop menu, choose Preferences, then choose Guides, Grid, & Slices:
On a PC, the Preferences are found under the Edit menu. On a Mac, they're under the Photoshop menu.
This opens the Preferences dialog box set to the Guides, Grid and Slices options. In the Grid section, set the Gridline Every option to 2.5 percent. Leave the other options set to their defaults. Click OK when you're done to close out of the dialog box:
Set Gridline Every to 2.5 percent in the Grid section.
Step 3: Turn On The Grid
We've changed the size of the grid, but we still need to turn the grid on in our document. To do that, go up to the View menu at the top of the screen, choose Show, then choose Grid:
Go to View > Show > Grid.
The grid is now visible in the document. Even though we can see it, the grid isn't actually part of the design. It's just there for visual reference to help us out:
The document with the grid turned on.
Step 4: Add A New Layer
Click on the New Layer icon at the bottom of the Layers panel:
Click on the New Layer icon.
This adds a new blank layer named "Layer 1" above the Background layer:
Photoshop adds a new layer and names it "Layer 1".
Step 5: Select The Rectangular Marquee Tool
Select the Rectangular Marquee Tool from the Tools panel:
Selecting the Rectangular Marquee Tool.
Step 6: Draw An Initial Selection Around The Grid
With the Rectangular Marquee Tool selected, draw an initial selection outline around the grid, but leave a border the width of two squares between the selection outline and the edges of the document. The selection outline can be a bit hard to see in a screenshot, so I've highlighted mine in red just to make it easier to see that I've left a border two squares thick around it:
Draw a selection outline around the grid, leaving a border two squares thick around the edges.
Step 7: Fill The Selection With Black
With the selection in place, go up to the Edit menu at the top of the screen and choose Fill:
Go to Edit > Fill.
This opens Photoshop's Fill dialog box. Change the Use option at the top of the dialog box to Black:
Change the Use option to Black.
Click OK to close out of the dialog box. Photoshop fills the selection with black in the document. We don't need the selection outline anymore, so to remove it, go up to the Select menu at the top of the screen and choose Deselect. You could also press Ctrl+D(Win) / Command+D (Mac) to quickly deselect it using the faster keyboard shortcut:
Go to Select > Deselect to remove the selection outline from around the black-filled area.
You should now have an initial black-filled square shape in the document. It really makes no difference which color we chose to fill the selection with since the photo will eventually appear overtop of it. I chose black simply because it's easy to see in front of the white background and it also makes it easy to see the grid lines:
The initial black-filled shape.
Step 8: Draw A Series Of Narrow Rectangular Selections
We're going to divide our initial shape into several smaller shapes, and we'll do that by deleting parts of it. First, we need to select the areas we're going to delete. With the Rectangular Marquee Tool still selected, start from the left side of the shape and count out 10 vertical columns of squares inward towards the right, then start at the top of the shape and draw a selection down around the 11th column, but leave 10 squares between the bottom of your selection and the bottom of the shape. I realize that can sound confusing so I've tried to make it clearer in the screenshot by once again highlighting my selection outline in red. Notice that my selection is just one column wide and that there's 10 squares between my selection and the left side of the shape, as well as 10 squares between the bottom of my selection and the bottom of the shape:
Draw a selection around the 11th column of squares from the left, leaving 10 squares at the bottom unselected.
Once you've drawn the first selection, hold down your Shift key, which will temporarily switch you into Photoshop's Add to Selectionmode, then count out 10 horizontal rows of squares upward from the bottom of the shape and draw a similar selection around the 11th row of squares starting from the left, leaving 10 squares between the right edge of your selection and the right side of the shape. Again, the screenshot hopefully makes it easier to see. By holding down the Shift key, this second selection is added to the first, and we now have parts of one column and one row of squares selected:
Hold Shift and draw a selection around the 11th row of squares from the bottom, leaving 10 squares on the right unselected.
Two selections down, two more to go. Continue holding down your Shift key, then count out 10 columns of squares from the right side of the shape and draw a selection upward around the 11th column, leaving 10 squares between the top edge of your selection and the top of the shape. This third selection is added to the first two:
Again hold Shift and draw a selection around the 11th column of squares from the right, leaving 10 squares from the top unselected.
Finally, with the Shift key still held down, count out 10 rows of squares from the top of the shape and draw a selection around the 11th row, beginning from the right of the shape, leaving 10 squares between the left edge of your selection and the left edge of the shape. When you're done, you should have parts of two rows and two columns of squares selected:
Hold Shift and draw a selection around the 11th row of squares from the top, leaving 10 squares on the left unselected.